How The Communists Took Control
by Alan Stang
How The Communists Took Control
MANY Canadians know a lot about America. They watch American television. They read American magazines. But until a few years ago most Americans didn't know much about Canada. There was the colorful Calgary Stampede, of course. There were the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. There was Sergeant Preston - and his loyal dog,King. But that, as far as most knew, was it.
The situation has now been simplified. There is only one thing anyone has time to know: The events of last year prove that if enough Canadians, with the help of enough Americans, don't act soon enough to prevent it, Canada in a very short time will be a totalitarian dictatorship of the kind in Cuba.
The story starts with Prime Minister Pierre-Elliott Trudeau who, as your newspaper has told you, is irresistibly charmant. By now you know that those admitted to his presence leave forever enchanté. His wit is like champagne, his learning immense. He adores pretty girls. They adore him. His overpowering masculinity may well destroy the Women's Liberation Front.
Trudeau had an unhappy childhood, as a man of the people should. True, he did like being driven to school in a Rolls Royce. He was glad his father was a millionaire. Money came in so handy. But he became unhappy because so many other fathers were not millionaires. He decided to become "socially conscious."
Pierre Trudeau is now about fifty-one years old. As with so much else about him, his exact age is a mystery. In 1939, Hitler and his ally Stalin signed their Non-Aggression Pact, started World War II and divided Poland between them. And Lucky Pierre apparently became two years younger - less vulnerable to the Canadian draft. He opposed the war, he explained, because, "Like most Quebecers, I was taught to keep away from imperialistic wars." Stalin also called it an "imperialistic war," and sabotaged our side - until Hitler attacked him, which made the war "patriotic" - but this doesn't prove anything. After all, Joe may have gotten the term from Pierre.
During the "imperialistic war," Pierre spent some time in the Canadian Officers Training Corps, but was kicked out for what he says was "lack of discipline" - which was a shame. His overwhelming masculinity would have terrified the Nazis. He also spent some time in the Communist-backed Bloc Populaire, helping to undermine the war effort. Like the Communists at the time, he apparently believed Hitler wasn't that bad.
In 1947, Trudeau was a student at the London School of Economics, founded by the Fabian Socialists to train Marxists and spread Marxism. Professor Harold Laski, then head of the Fabian Society, was publicly advocating violent revolution at the time. Almost twenty years later, Trudeau, about to become Prime Minister, reflected on his training and told reporter Norman DePoe that Laski is "the most stimulating and powerful influence he has encountered."
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For instance, Trudeau was also a student in Paris, where, apparently under the influence, he was arrested with other demonstrators but escaped from the police. Then come a mystifying couple of years, during which, we are told, Lucky Pierre was a vagabond. Money comes in so handy. Apparently, he visited Communist Yugoslavia. He was in the Middle East during the first Arab-Israeli war. He was in Shanghai when Mao Tse-tung took over. He had many dangerous adventures. He fought bandits. He fought pirates -- all of whom his overwhelming masculinity helped him overwhelm.
Then the young millionaire came home, dressed like a hippie, sporting a beard. In 1949, he got a job as an economic advisor to the Privy Council in Ottawa. Igor Gouzenko, the Soviet Embassy official who exposed Communist espionage activities in Canada after World War II, says Trudeau got that job with the help of Robert Bryce, who was Clerk of the Privy Council at the time. Bryce had earlier served in Washington, says Gouzenko, where he belonged to a Communist study group and was a close friend of Soviet spy Alger Hiss.
While in Paris, Pierre had spent some time with Canadian Gérard Pelletier, who was then with World University Service, he says, "giving American money to countries that were about to go Communist." (Maclean's, February 24, 1962.)
Now, in Montreal, in 1951, Trudeau and Pelletier began to publish a magazine they called Cité Libre, in which they carried the commentaries of various distinguished intellectuals. There was Professor Raymond Boyer, for instance, who earlier had been exposed by Gouzenko and convicted of Soviet espionage. There was frequent contributor Pierre Gélinas, Quebec Director of Agitation and Propaganda for the Communist Party. There was Stanley B. Ryerson, leading theoretician of the Communist Party and editor of Marxist Review.
Toronto Star editor Peter Newman, a Trudeaucrat, wrote in 1968 that Cité Libre did not publish Ryerson. As you see on Page 15, the table of contents says it did.
Also in 1951, the Communist World Peace Council, and the Communist World Federation of Trade Unions, then run by V.V. Kuznetsov of Soviet Intelligence, began planning an international economic conference to be held the next year in Moscow.
Indeed, so obvious was the nature of the· forthcoming conference that in December, 1951, then-Canadian Justice Minister Stuart Garson warned all Cabinet Ministers that it was a Communist operation, and advised that government employees should not attend.
The conference was held in April, 1952. Of the 471 delegates, 132 were from officially Communist countries. Observers at the time estimated that 300 of the remaining 339 were known or suspected Party members - which left 39 or so for window dressing.
Marcus Leslie Hancock, one of the six delegates from Canada, says the Canadian delegation was organized by the Canadian Communist Party, which also paid the delegates' bills. Hancock, then a Communist, says that everyone else he knew in the delegation was also a Party member.
The report of that conference, printed in Moscow, is now very hard to get. All copies in Canadian libraries have disappeared. You see a part of that report reproduced on Page 3. As you see, one of the delegates was Pierre-Elliott Trudeau. Indeed, the fact that Trudeau's name appears first means he headed the Communist delegation.
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Hancock says he didn't know Trudeau, who stayed at a different hotel. Millionaires, after all, don't mix with peasants. It's outré.
Trudeau apparently was inspired in Moscow. He couldn't wait to get home, where he began writing pro-Soviet articles. He couldn't understand why Le Droit (Ottawa) and L'Action Catholique (Quebec City) began calling him a Communist. All he had done was attend a Communist meeting in Moscow as a guest of the Communist Party at the head of a Communist delegation. All he was doing now was publishing his
To the left of Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau is the report of the Reds' International Economic Conference held in Moscow in 1952. To the right is the part of that report listing Canadian delegates. Former Communist Marcus Hancock has testified that the Canadian delegation, headed by Trudeau, was organized by Canada's Communist Party, which paid the delegates' bills. Hancock, himself a delegate, says everyone he knew in the delegation was a Party member.
thanks. He couldn't understand why in 1953 he was barred from entry into the United States. The Eisenhower Administration was then getting ready to admit some Soviet secret policemen to attend a meeting of the World Council of Churches -- but poor Pierre they kept out. Why? Pierre later explained that while in Moscow for the conference he actually threw snowballs at Stalin's statue -- and remember that Stalin was still alive. Isn't the man's overwhelming masculinity overwhelming?
But Toronto Telegram correspondent Peter Worthington checked the meteorological records and found that there was no snow in Moscow during that conference in April, 1952. Worthington published that fact, and for some reason Pierre has since been angry at him.
During the next few years, Trudeau clashed frequently with the Quebec Provincial Police, published various Communist articles and organized Le Rassemblement, a political front so communistic even the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation - now the Socialist New Democratic Party - refused to join. He applied several times for a teaching job at the University of Montreal, but his Communist activities led Paul-Emile Cardinal Léger to reject him.
Pierre apparently had developed a taste for leading delegations to Communist countries. In 1960 he led another -- to Communist China. He participated in a Communist "victory celebration." He met his idol, Mao Tse-tung. He collaborated on a book called Two Innocents In Red China. (Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1968.)
Trudeau describes his meeting with the Communist leaders like this: "... It is a stirring moment: these greybeards, in their ripe old age, embody today the triumph of an
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idea, an idea that has turned the whole world upside down and profoundly changed the course of human history." Of the greybeard who has murdered more than 30 million Chinese, Trudeau says: " ... Mao Tse-tung, one of the great men of the century, has a powerful head, an unlined face, and a look of wisdom tinged with melancholy. The eyes in that tranquil face are heavy with having seen too much of the misery of men."
You don't believe he said it. I know. Neither did I. Get the book. Notice that the typical Trudeau sarcasm and condescension are gone. Now the Lord Protector of the Realm fawns and scrapes.
Indeed, says Trudeau: "Everyone knows that the Communists summarily rushed to the gallows or to jail many of the great landed proprietors. It was the genius of Mao Tse-tung to realize the extent to which his revolution must depend on the peasants, and he mercilessly suppressed the class that inspired in these peasants awe, respect, and submissiveness towards outworn traditions."
This you still may not believe, even if you read the book yourself. Here, Trudeau not only justifies Mao Tse-tung's mass murders - he applauds them. They are good, he says. They are necessary. They prove Mao's genius.
Lucky Pierre loves to travel. He was in Ghana when Communist Kwame Nkrumah took control. We don't know why. Pierre won't say. He was in Algeria when Communist Ahmed Ben Bella took over. We don't know why. Pierre won't say. Early in 1961, at about the time of the Bay of Pigs, the U.S. Coast Guard picked him up.
Pierre was paddling a canoe to Cuba from Key West. We don't know why. Pierre won't say. The Coast Guard deported Pierre to Canada, but he did get to Cuba in 1964, after all. He doesn't say what happened there. Neither does Fidel.
"When a question is tough or Mr. Trudeau wishes to avoid it, he goes into an elaborate performance," writes Peter Worthington. "His hands start gesturing, the shoulders wriggle, the eyebrows squirm, the mouth puckers and after some groping for appropriate words Mr. Trudeau invariably says something that is often irrelevant, usually amusing and always evasive. His listeners laugh or giggle as is their individual wont, and the moment is past. Next question."
By 1962, traditionalist Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis was dead, and Trudeau finally became a professor at the University of Montreal, overcoming the usual protests. He went right to work turning out Fidelistas. Indeed, the school is now teeming with them. Apparently he admires Castro as much as Mao.
And in 1963, he campaigned vigorously with the Marxist New Democratic Party against the Liberals, who roughly correspond to the Democrats in the States. Trudeau called the Liberals "idiots" because they had decided to use nuclear weapons for defense. The Liberals, he said, were "a spineless herd."
So much for Trudeau's biography. What about his ideas? What's behind his policies?
Thoughts Of Chairman Trudeau
" ... The drive towards power must begin with the establishment of bridgeheads," says Trudeau (Federalism And The French Canadians, New York, St. Martin's Press, 1968)," since at the outset it is obviously easier to convert specific groups or localities than to win over an absolute majority of the whole nation."
So Trudeau isn't simply trying to govern Canada. He isn't just trying to protect the realm, as he should. What he is really doing is using his powerful position as a weapon.
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What he really wants, like his idol, Mao Tse-tung, is power. Indeed, says Trudeau, "the experience of that superb strategist Mao Tse-tung might lead us to conclude that in a vast and heterogeneous country, the possibility of establishing socialist strongholds in certain regions is the very best thing .... "
It's unnecessary and infeasible to establish Socialism all at once, he says. In a big country like China, or like Canada, the best way to impose Socialism is to manipulate group after group and seize region after region. He says "Federalism must be welcomed as a valuable tool which permits dynamic parties to plant socialist governments in certain provinces, from which the seed of radicalism can slowly spread."
Notice the crucially important fact that Trudeau's famous opposition to separatism isn't based, like Lincoln's, on a desire to keep his country together. Federalism for Trudeau is like everything else a tool -- with which to impose Communism on Canada.
Socialism in one province will seep into another, he says. But if the separatists are successful -- if a Socialist province becomes a foreign country -- then that seepage is made more difficult. On the other hand, without the degree of provincial autonomy federalism allows, Trudeau says, he would be faced with the difficult task of imposing Socialism at once. Federalism allows it to be done province by province. That is why he wants just enough autonomy -- but not too much. What about specific tactics? Trudeau explains that "in terms of political tactics, the only real question democratic socialists must answer is, 'Just how much reform can the majority of the people be brought to desire at the present time?' " People are "brought" to desire what Pierre wants. They are manipulated. The Socialism is
Canadians pace outside the Parliament buildings in Ottawa on October 16, 1970, awaiting word of what Premier Trudeau will do after declaration of the War Measures Act has made him a virtual dictator. Using as h is excuse the kidnapping of two officials by the Communist F.L.Q., Trudeau set a precedent for Police State methods which can only strengthen his hand when he considers the time right for a more permanent Communist takeover from the top.
slyly slipped over on them. Socialists must know how far to go at any time. As Pierre puts it: "I should like to see socialists feeling free to espouse whatever political trends or to use whatever constitutional tools happen to fit each particular problem at each particular time .... "
Use the law, the government, and the political Parties to advance Socialism, says Pierre. If something is useable for the purpose, use it. "The Government is not in Quebec, not in Ottawa, but out in the street," Trudeau has said. "We, too, must take
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to the streets," he explained in Montreal in 1969, because "the orientation to be given our society is going to be decided in the street."
What should we conclude about Pierre-Elliott Trudeau? Observe that it was obvious his idol Mao was a Communist long before the New York Times finally agreed. It was obvious that Castro was a Communist long before he announced it. It was obvious, long before he took over, that Ben Bella was a Communist. But the incredible fact is that in Trudeau's case the same thing is more obvious than in all the others put together.
Indeed, remember that we are talking here, of course, only about the known facts. In Montreal, a former Police Intelligence official told me that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (R.C.M.P.) over the years had collected a big file on Trudeau, but that Pierre destroyed it as soon as he could.
So there really is only one conclusion to be drawn. As you know, I usually draw it only after discovering the serial numbers of someone's Party card tattooed on his forehead. But in this case, as we have seen, there is nothing else to say -- and Pierre, after all, isn't trying very hard to hide it. I wish there were some other conclusion, but there isn't. Pierre-Elliott Trudeau is a Communist. He has always been a Communist.
He is now conspiring to impose Communist dictatorship on the people of Canada.
But a perennial question arises, so let's deal with it at once: Why would a millionaire like Pierre work all his life for Communism? Isn't he working against himself? If the people rise up - "from the bottom, mad with hunger and disease" - and if the Revolution succeeds, won't Pierre be overthrown?
And the answer, of course, as we have seen, is: "No" -- because Trudeau is the Revolution. People don't rise up from the bottom for Communism mad with hunger and disease. The Communists say they do, but they don't. They're too hungry and too sick. Communism is dictatorship -- of the "proletariat" -- and like every variety of dictatorship is always pressed down on people by dictators at the top -- by well-fed dictators like Pierre Trudeau. What Trudeau wants -- he says so himself -- is power. That's what every Communist wants. In a cafeteria on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, a Member of Parliament, and of the loyal opposition, leans across the table and tells me: "Trudeau would starve you, your family, and everyone west of Winnipeg to death, if he thought it meant one more ounce of political power."
Three years ago, on television, Trudeau was asked which politician in history he most admired. "Machiavelli," Trudeau replied.
How does a Communist like this get to be Prime Minister of Canada?
The Big Switch
|In 1963, as you will remember, Trudeau had campaigned for the Marxist New Democrats, and had called the Liberals "idiots" and "a spineless herd." Two years later, in 1965, Trudeau, Gérard Pelletier and Jean Marchand, of Cité Libre, decided to run for Parliament themselves -- as Liberals.|
In an article in Le Devoir, Trudeau and Pelletier explained to the dumbfounded N.D.P. that "we are pursuing the same objectives and adhering to the same political ideas we have been espousing for so long in Cité Libre.... " Among these ideas was "a politics open to the left." It should be understood, they explained, that "a political party is not an end, but a means."
Trudeau, in other words, was still working for Communism. He had become a
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Liberal simply because the Liberals could win and the N.D.P. couldn't. He was frankly using the Liberal Party, in accordance with the Maoist tactics he so admires.
|The three revolutionaries were elected, shortly after which Prime Minister Lester Pearson appointed Trudeau his Parliamentary Secretary. Politicians and reporters stared at each other. Who is Trudeau? In 1967, Pearson appointed him Minister of Justice. Politicians and reporters stared at each other. Who is Trudeau? And in 1968 Pearson conveniently retired, opening the way for Lucky Pierre.|
I realize that what you have already read presses painfully on your limits of belief but the fact is that Pearson is also a Communist. Elizabeth Bentley, the late, former Soviet spy, testified in Executive Session before a Congressional Subcommittee in Washington that "Mike" Pearson had been one of those who passed information to the spy ring.*
That a Communist of the Pearson sort should become Prime Minister of Canada is understandable. Bland and smiling, he tricked the Canadian people, as other Communist traitors have tricked people in country after country. He concealed his real color by continually mouthing "peace." But Trudeau, as we have seen, boldly tells us what he thinks. Could it be that the Conspiracy decided the time had come to make Canada an official Communist state? Could it be that Pierre and Mike had a cozy tête-à-tête?
Early in 1968, Pierre announced his availability. Mike dropped the word that Pierre was his choice. And suddenly, with the precision of the New York Philharmonic, the Canadian Press began to sell Pierre to the people. His Communist record was simply ignored. Attempts to discuss it were branded as "hate." Canadian women read instead about his intense masculinity. So blatant was the blackout of Pierre's Communist background that the Calgary Herald refused an anti-Trudeau ad composed of passages from his own writings. The Toronto Globe & Mail and the Toronto Star also refused ads to detail his Communist background. And so complete has been the blackout that in January, 1971, former Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, of the Progressive Conservatives -- who correspond roughly to our Republicans -- demanded an investigation of the government-owned C.B.C. network.
There are notable exceptions, of course, such as Peter Worthington and Lubor Zink of the Toronto Telegram, but in his office in Ottawa another Member of Parliament told us that the mass media in Canada are even worse than in the United States -- an assertion an American finds hard to believe.
In April, 1968, Trudeau was elected Party leader at the Liberal Convention. The Liberals controlled Commons, which meant, in the parliamentary system, that he had now become Prime Minister. He dissolved Parliament immediately and called an election. During the campaign no issues were discussed. No program was presented. No questions were resolved. Marxist T.C. Douglas, leader of the New Democrats, and Robert Stanfield, leader of the Progressive Conservatives, indignantly defended Lucky Pierre from "hate."
Canadians were told that Pierre should be Prime Minister because he is sexier and cha-chas better than anyone else. And in June, 1968, Trudeau was elected. Our great neighbor now had a Prime Minister with a Communist record more blatant than Castro's.
*See "Trudeau - A Potential Canadian Castro," Congressional Record, October 12, 1968, Page E8989.
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The Rest Of The Ring
If you are imposing a totalitarian dictatorship, one of the imperative things you need is government propaganda. Hitler had Joseph Goebbels. Nixon has Spiro Agnew. And Trudeau has Jean-Louis Gagnon. Pierre has created Information Canada, named Gagnon to run it at $40,000 a year. Jean-Louis doesn't really need it, because his father, like Pierre's, was also a millionaire. Trudeau has also appointed Gagnon Co-Chairman of the influential Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism.
Who is Jean-Louis Gagnon? He is a former Managing Editor of La Presse, one Canada's largest dailies. He is a former Editor-in-Chief of L'Evènement-Journal. He is a frequent commentator on the C.B.C. He is still another contributor to Cite Libre.
And he is a dues-paying member of the Communist Party. Before World War II, Jean-Louis was Secretary-Treasurer of L'Union Nationale Ouvrière, a labor organization. The U.N.O. kicked him out for Communist activities. He was also was a writer for La Nation. But La Nation kicked him out for running a Communist cell. During the war, he worked for the British Foreign Office, recommended for the job by Soviet spy Donald Maclean. The British kicked him out for Communist activities. The French kicked him out of North Africa after the Allied landings.
He has now finally found refuge as a Deputy Cabinet Minister.
Jean-Louis has been a speaker at many Communist meetings. As you see on Page 14, for instance, he was one of two speakers at a meeting of the Labor Youth Federation -- previously known as the Young Communist League. The other, as you see, was Fred Rose, an officer in G.R.U. (Soviet military intelligence), who later was convicted and sent to the penitentiary for Soviet espionage. Rose was one of Gagnon's bosses in the Par --- ---
You also see on Page 14 the telegram Gagnon sent from Washington to Montreal, May 1, 1946, expressing his adoration of "the great Soviet Union."
The papers brought by Igor Gouzenko to the Canadians from the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa revealed that it was Jean-Louis Gagnon who had supplied Soviet Colonel Zabotin with the information that the exact date of D-Day was June 6, 1944.
Gagnon is therefore also fully qualified to be Canada's Prime Minister.
Indeed, in his office in Trudeaugrad, another opposition Member of Parliament told us that Gagnon's wife, Hélène, is on the payroll of Peking, where she has been Mao Tse-tung's guest, and that Pravda pays her through Bucharest, where she goes to pick it up. Maybe she was simply bored as a housewife. She has also been involved, he said, with the operation of Camp Beaver in the Laurentians, the Communist Party training camp opened in 1967.
The head of Information Canada has a very pungent style. In a personal letter, Gagnon once wrote: "Nationalism leads to useless wars; class struggle leads to liberation of the oppressed .... the class struggle is a liberating factor .... I believe that we will find ourselves, inevitably, on the same side of the barricades; because, first of all I believe that one day there will be barricades, and finally because I believe that lead (bullets), fire and blood will suffice to ensure our agreement .... "
Another thing you need if you are imposing a dictatorship is control of the police. In Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are controlled by the Solicitor-General. So Trudeau made Jean-Pierre Goyer the Solicitor-General — when Parliament was not in session and could not question him. Goyer, it goes without saying, was a regular contributor to Cité Libre. Isn't everybody? He was once arrested for staging a sit-in
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outside the office of the Premier of Quebec. He has been involved in several pro-Communist fronts. And he has attended Communist meetings behind the Iron Curtain. Like his friend Trudeau, he is a revolutionary.
This is the man now running the national police of Canada.
Then there is Jean Marchand, of Cité Libre, now a member of Trudeau's Cabinet. There is Gérard Pelletier, of Cité Libre, who, like Jean-Louis Gagnon, has also been an editor at La Presse. Pelletier is now Trudeau's Secretary of State. One of the Members of Parliament quoted earlier also told us that in his opinion Pelletier is "the most dangerous man of all — very clever, very deceitful, very doctrinaire." It was unnecessary to ask which doctrine he had in mind.
And there is Paul Martin, Lester Pearson's Minister of External Affairs, now the Liberal leader of the Senate (which corresponds to the British House of Lords) -- to which Trudeau appointed him. Martin for some incredible reason has not been a contributor to Cité Libre, as far as I know, but he is an advocate of what we call "socialized medicine," is generally anti-American, is a champion of the United Nations, strongly opposed to our bombing of the Communists in North Vietnam, and has done what he could to bring down anti-Communist Rhodesia.
Martin has also been a prominent, charter member of the Canadian branch of the Communist Institute of Pacific Relations exposed by a Subcommittee of Congress. One of his old friends is identified Soviet spy Mark Gayn, of the Toronto Star, who left the United States after exposure of his role in the Amerasia spy case.
|The photograph including Paul Martin which you see on Page 15 appeared in the April, 1938, issue of New Advance, official organ of the Young Communist League. The First World Youth Congress to which the caption refers was of course Communist-controlled. As you see, the delegation included Roy Davis, later of the C.B.C., convicted of Soviet espionage when Gouzenko blew the whistle; William Kashtan, now head of the Canadian Communist Party; T.C. Douglas, now head of the Marxist New Democratic Party — and Paul Martin, M.P., the delegation's chairman. |
Perhaps Martin felt that contributing to Cité Libre would be redundant.
It is interesting to note that in a 1962 article, Maclean's reported that Roger Rolland, of Cité Libre, was already regional program director of French networks for the C.B.C., that
|Charles Lussier, of Cité Libre, was in charge of Quebec House, a provincial quasi-consulate in Paris, and that Pierre Juneau, of Cité Libre, was executive||Jean-Pierre Goyer was a contributor to the pro-Communist Cité Libre, was neck-deep in Red fronts, and attended Communist meetings behind the Iron Curtain. Trudeau named him Solicitor-General and head of the national police.|
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director of the National Film Board, a federal government agency. Juneau is now chairman of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission. Rolland is a Special Assistant in the Prime Minister's office.
"Trudeau has homosexuals everywhere," says the Conservative M.P. in the cafeteria on the Hill. "They're useable." The Fabian affinity for homosexuality is of course well known. John Maynard Keynes, for instance.
"Canada is completely in the hands of the Fabians," says the M.P. "Stanfield, who is supposed to be a Conservative, is also a Fabian."
"How possible is it that Canada will fall?" I asked. The Member leaned toward me, his voice a combination of bitterness and surprise.
"She's already fallen," the Member said.
By Their Fruit
What have these various revolutionaries been doing? Trudeau recently began muttering about the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. He says he wants to make it more "efficient." Exactly what he means has not yet been made known, but civil libertarians will no doubt shudder at the thought of "efficient" police in the hands of a man who idolizes Mao Tse-tung. The freedom-loving freedom lovers at the Universities of Toronto and Montreal, ever alert to a whisper of "police brutality," are no doubt now preparing demonstrations to protest. It is interesting to note that Pierre wants to close up the Security and Intelligence Directorate of the R.C.M.P. — which for years has been doing a genuinely efficient job of catching Communists — and replace it with a civilian security agency. Perhaps Pierre's real complaint is that the RC.M.P. has been too efficient. It is unnecessary to wonder whom his civilian intelligence agency would investigate instead.
Chairman Pierre is trying to arrange this without the traditional debate before Parliament. Parliaments and Congresses are so inefficient, are they not? Some unenlightened Members might ask embarrassing questions. Indeed, Chairman Pierre is responsible for Bill 75-C, which allows the government arbitrarily to limit debate on Bills before Parliament. The same thing is happening here, of course, in the attempt to destroy the filibuster in the U.S. Senate. The inspiration apparently is Chairman Mao's Council of Peoples' Commissars, where such problems do not exist.
Then there is Chairman Pierre's Bill C-3, his attempt to liquidate "hate" and "contempt." Under C-3, anyone caught being contemptuous and hateful in print toward minorities apparently can be prosecuted and jailed. Exactly what "hate literature" is, C-3 does not make clear, but during the 1968 campaign Chairman Pierre gave us ahint, when he used that phrase to describe opposition material on which was reprinted excerpts from
his own books. "Hate literature," under C-3, apparently will be anything critical of Chairman Pierre — a handy coincidence if you are imposing a dictatorship.
Trudeau has also drastically reduced Canada's N.A.T.O. commitment. "He is weaning Canada away from being any help to the United States," says the Conservative M.P. in the cafeteria, "and Stanfield is helping him." Trudeau also opposes our Anti-Ballistic Missile defense. Indeed, says the M.P., Canada's own defense
today is nil. Pierre has reduced her forces from 92,000 men under arms to 82,000, is destroying their professionalism and denying them needed funds. The defense of Canada's Pacific coast — all one thousand miles of it — now consists, says the M.P., of
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two (repeat, two) night fighters. And recently there has been talk that gun control laws may be needed, as in Nazi Germany. Imposing a totalitarian dictatorship on an armed population can be dangerous.
And there is Trudeau's White Paper on Taxation — the "solution" to what Finance Minister Edgar Benson calls "social injustice" — which would impose ruinous taxation on small business trying to compete. There would be a "Valuation Day," on which the personal possessions of Canadians would be itemized and taxed.
The Poor War Revolution
In January, 1971, hundreds of "poor people" from throughout Canada descended on Toronto's comfortable Lord Simcoe hotel, to participate in a "Poor People's Conference." The Conference was run by the Praxis Corporation, which calls itself a "research institute for social change." Praxis was established by some professors in 1968. In a Praxis brochure we read as follows: "Praxis Corporation is a non-profit research institute established to generate the creative 'social invention' that is needed for social change .... The overall aim of Praxis is to promote ways of organizing more democratic control by communities and individuals of their social environment and a higher level of participation by citizens in the decisions which affect their lives."
In other words, Praxis is what the Communists call an "agit-prop" outfit (agitation and propaganda), egging people on to Marxist revolution.
For instance, in March, 1970, Praxis had run another conference, on "industrial democracy," at which Gerry Hunnius, who runs Praxis, said workers should "control the means and processes of production." What that means, said Hunnius, is this: "It should be obvious that a fully operational system of workers' self-management cannot operate within a Capitalist system .... "
In October, 1970, Praxis had run still another Conference — this one on "Workers' Control and Community Control" — at which a demand was made to destroy Capitalism by revolution. Capitalism would be replaced by "radical Socialism." Confrontation is obsolete, the conferees were told. What they should do now is "infiltrate," and, like "microbes," destroy Canada from within. The guest speaker, Andre Gorz, was one of the organizers of the Paris riots a few years ago. He advocated revolution in Canada.
Praxis honcho Hunnius has an interesting background. In 1956, at Sir George Williams College in Montreal, he was program director of the Asian Studies Group, linked to the Communist Institute of Pacific Relations. He was a founding official of the London-based International Confederation of Disarmament and Peace, an umbrella for such revolutionary outfits as the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the War Resisters International, and the Student Union for Peace Action. At the time, he explained:
"There must be an examination ... of our tactics. We must develop a new loyalty, a world loyalty which must be placed above loyalty to the nation state." In 1968, he was in Communist Yugoslavia, running a "peace" conference. The next year, in Toronto, he was involved with the Rochdale Play School, the educational policy of which is this: "Giving children complete freedom, within restrictions of the group, to do whatever they wish. No taboos ... we are determined that our Socialist, humanist values be passed on to our children."
Hunnius has naturally been a consultant for U.N.E.S.C.O., an agency of the United Nations. He has worked with the Canadian Pugwash crowd, bossed by Soviet apologist
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Cyrus Eaton. He has spent some time in Washington with the Institute for Policy Studies, a radical outfit working for America's defeat. In an article published by War Resisters International, Hunnius wrote: "Marxism, for us, is a method of analysis of the realities of our society, as well as being an uncompromising call to fight." Recently, Mr. Hunnius tried to arrange another conference, for which one of the speakers he suggested was Michel Chartrand, the labor leader and F.L.Q. supporter charged with seditious conspiracy under the War Measures Act.
The Poor People's Conference run by Hunnius by way of Praxis began with a speech by Alex Bandy, of the Unemployed Citizens' Welfare Improvement Council of Vancouver. "If there is anyone who came here for good times, forget it," Alex says.
His lips quiver. He has been so abused. " ... As poor, oppressed people in Canada we see our plight as inseparably bound up with the people of Asia, Africa and Latin America and the poor in the U.S.," Alex explains. " ... We have more in common with a Vietnamese peasant than with the tyrant Trudeau."
Alex really has a thing about Trudeau. Pierre is keeping the people down. Alex, like Eldridge Cleaver, wants All Power to the People. " ... Capitalism means concentration of wealth and power," he says. "To hell with everyone else. What we desperately need is a distribution of the wealth .... At this conference we must come to grips with the fact that a thoroughgoing war on poverty means nothing less than war on the rich. Nothing
less." "Whatever it takes," he says, "only when we're willing to sacrifice do we stand a chance to win. No slave should die a natural death." During the Conference, a woman, puzzled by the constant repetition of the word "fight," stands up and inquires what the word means. She is expertly expelled by members of the revolutionary Just Society. And the Press is denied admission to various secret "workshops."
Now, who paid for this Communist Conference? Where did the necessary thousands come from to fly people from all over the country back and forth to Toronto, put them up at the Lord Simcoe and pay Praxis to arrange it? As with similar affairs in the States, the money came from the federal government — from the same Trudeau whom Bandy condemns — paid by Minister of Health and Welfare John Munro, through such
federal agencies as the National Council of Welfare.
Why? For the same reason it happens in the States. Incredibly, Alex Bandy explained it at the Conference: "... The way Munro tells it, the government is really, secretly, on our side. It's everybody else who is against us and that's why the government can't help us. So, the master plan is to give us money to organize and demonstrate and win popular support, then the government will move ...."
Perhaps some of the delegates at the Conference were suspecting that is true. Perhaps Bandy was just trying to persuade them it isn't. Communist Pierre Trudeau is using what Czech Communist theoretician Jan Kozak called "pressure from above" and "pressure from below." As in Czecho-Slovakia — and as in the United States — the Communists high in the government are financing a phony demand at the bottom, to provide an excuse for their takeover from the top.
Alex calls his boss a tyrant to keep the taxpayer well conned.
It is interesting to note that in 1962, Gerry Hunnius, who runs Praxis, which ran the Conference Pierre paid for, was in Moscow at the World Congress for General Disarmament and Peace, sponsored by the Communist World Peace Council - which had sponsored Trudeau's trip to Moscow ten years before. In 1963, Hunnius went to
12 AMERICAN OPINION
|An "American" draft dodger sits in the office of the Toronto Anti-Draft Programme, financed in part by America's National Council of Churches. It was launched by William Spira, who has been connected with the radical Communist National Guardian and Canadians for the National Liberation Front (Vietcong). When he is not promoting desertion from America's Armed Forces, Spira runs a Communist bookstore. The total of draft dodgers and deserters lured to Canada by propaganda totals nearly 60,000.|
It pays to have important friends.
And Hunnius has been a consultant — at $1,000 per month — for the Company of Young Canadians, which apparently is the Canadian version of V.I.S.T.A., and which was established and federally financed by former Premier Lester Pearson. Dozens of other C.Y.C. revolutionaries have been caught using taxpayers' money to finance revolution, and in January, 1971, Diefenbaker demanded that the C.Y.C. be investigated too.
Trudeau has also told Munro to finance the Black Power forces in Nova Scotia, despite the opposition of real Negro leaders who live there, including Arnold Johnson, Halifax County Councillor, and Ross Kinney, Moderator of the African United Baptist Association of Nova Scotia, the largest black outfit in the province. And the federal government awarded a large contract it was forced to withdraw, for the purchase of dairy products for the Armed Forces, to the People's Cooperative, a Winnipeg outfit which has been described as a subsidiary of the Communist Party.
Trudeau is also using Crown Corporations, controlled not by Parliament but by him, to communize the economy under the guise of private enterprise.
What he is organizing, an M.P. tells us, is best called "the new Fascism."
The Cannon Fodder
Of particular interest to Americans are the thousands of American draft dodgers and deserters in Canada. Premier "Red Mike" Pearson had already opened the door to deserters, and in May, 1969, Trudeau opened it all the way. Deserters from the American military, like draft dodgers, who ask to become "landed" immigrants, are now processed by Canadian Immigration without regard for their military status. Five years later, they can become Canadian citizens. It is impossible to know exactly how many are there, because many don't try to get "landed," but the combined total of both types is apparently between 50,000 and 60,000, most of whom are in Toronto.
Most of them used to be draft dodgers, better educated and more ideological; but now, with the loosening of the draft, the majority are deserters. Some are
APRIL, 1971 13
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--- Gagnon is Premier Trudeau's Deputy Cabinet Minister in charge of the vast
--- Communications Canada. Gagnon, below left, is a member of the Communist
--- is a telegram he sent to a Communist May Day rally, declaring "On this
--- --- --- May Day we can ---- ---- the victory of the working class STOP
--- --- to all trade union leaders STOP Let us go forward to peace STOP
--- --- Soviet Union STOP ---- ---- ---- tomorrow ---- ---- ---
--- --- of speeches to the Communist --- by Gagnon and convicted
--- --- Mr. Gagnon's wife is now in the employ of Communist China.
Trudeau selected Paul Martin as Liberal Party boss of Senate. Photo
e from April 1938 New Advance, an official Communist pub-
ng Martin led delegation of Comrades to the Communist First
Council. Davis was convicted of Soviet espionage; Kashtan is
da's Communist Party; T.C. Douglas runs Marxist N.D.P.
The OTTAWA CONGRESS sent two official delegates and endorsed
the sending of thirty others to the First World Youth Congress
held in Geneva, Switzerland, at the end of August, 1936. The
photograph shows part of the delegation aboard the S.S. Aurania. The
able chairman of the delegation was Paul Martin, M.P.
Left to right the photograph shows: (First row) Arthur Jackson,
Yorkminster Baptist Church, Toronto; Murdoch Keith, Toronto Youth
Council; William Kashtan, Young Communist League; Clarence
McLean, London, Ontario, Roy Davis; William Smart, Canadian Negro
Youth Movement; Howard Rapson, United Church Young Peoples'
Groups; Norman Levy, Chairman Canadian Youth Congress; Evelyn
Buckley, Y.W.C.A.; Leon Katz, Kingston Youth Council; Fred McCann,
Ottawa Boys' Clubs; Kenneth Woodsworth, Secretary Canadian Youth
Congress; T. C. Douglas, M.P.; Cooperative Commmonwealth Youth
Movement; Allan Logan, Hamilton Youth Council; Ralph Dent,
Victoria Y.M.C.A.; Howard Langille, Halifax Y.M.C.A.; Alden McLean
United Farmers of Ontarrio Young People
Soldiers were in the streets with automatic
weapons, above, when Trudeau instituted his first
Emergency dictatorship. Trudeau's Cité Libre,
below, carries an article by Stanley B. Ryerson,
top theoretician of Canada's Communist Party.
[The French title of the article by Ryerson is La Pensée de Marx au Canada. Translation: Marxist Thought in Canada. KM.HCC]
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Communists, some opportunists, some ordinary cowards. Most of them work at very badly paid jobs, a few at very good ones. A few steal. A few scrounge. A few get welfare. Half the welfare bill in Toronto is paid by the federal government, thirty percent by the Province of Ontario and the rest by the Metropolitan area. And local Welfare Commissioner John Anderson says he is not even allowed to ask whether an applicant is a citizen. "Almost nobody is sent back," he says, "even if he's mildly criminal. Immigration is very lax."
Preeminent among those who agitated for Canada's new federal policy toward deserters is William Spira, a former American who apparently left at the height of the "McCarthy Era." Spira launched the Toronto Anti-Draft Programme, formerly the federally-financed Student Union for Peace Action already mentioned. He has also been connected with the radical Communist National Guardian in the States, and with Canadians
for the National Liberation Front (Vietcong). He was a sponsor of C.N.L.F.'s Canadian Rights Defence Committee. And he runs the Third World Information Service, a Communist bookstore in suburban Thornhill, which the Castroites decided to establish at the Tri-Continental Conference in Havana in 1966. They mail their propaganda to Comrade Spira in Toronto, who remails it to the United States.
The Toronto Anti-Draft Programme (T.A.D.P.) he masterminds consists of several rooms and offices, the walls of which are covered with Communist propaganda. Various "counsellors" are sitting around, along with the clients they are helping to dodge the draft or desert. There is Lee, for instance, who is twenty, and is sitting under a picture of terrorist H. Rap Brown. Lee has a brother who spent eight years in our Marines, and
who he says would "rather see me dead." From time to time, Lee sees a Toronto street that reminds him of his American home town, but he says the memory quickly fades and he is glad to be in Canada.
And there is Dick, who is twenty-four and comes from EI Paso, where his father is a Presbyterian minister. Dick "had a hassle" with his parents about his decision, but he made it and now is a T.A.D.P. counsellor. His salary is $50 a week.
The American people should be tried for war crimes, says Dick, who apparently endorses the idea of collective guilt. He agrees such a trial is impossible to arrange, but will settle for the trials of Presidents Johnson and Nixon. We are in Vietnam, he says,"to protect the oil."
White people have always been aggressors, he explains, but there is a "social revolution" in the United States, because of which they are beginning to realize it. Dick himself is white, but apparently believes he's a "good" honky. He is grim, unsmiling, trying to make amends. He loves humanity. He can't stand hate. The Bill of
Rights, he says, has always been a sham. The Bill of Rights was meant to be a sham. Our War for Independence was caused by economics. The colonists wanted to make more money. George Washington was "all lies." Benjamin Franklin was "all lies."
Abraham Lincoln was "bull s**t."
The United States must make a 180 degree turn, says Dick. We should have a Socialist system in a Communist type of world. And that means a psychological change is needed. Capitalism, he says rightly, is "inner directed," in sociologist David Reisman's phrase, personal, private, individual; while Socialism is "other directed" - collectivized. Dick lives in a commune, in Communism, he says. He uses "grass" (marijuana), but that's all.
16 AMERICAN OPINION
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On the wall above his head is some Vietcong propaganda, and I ask what sort of Communism he wants. The Russian Constitution is much the same as the U.S. Constitution, he says. Perhaps that's why he opposes the Russian form of Communism. Mao, on the contrary, "has done a beautiful job in China." And Dick "has heard" that Communism "is working in Cuba."
Has Dick actually read the U.S. Constitution and its Russian opposite? Is he aware that the latter promises handouts, taken originally from the people, but that ours, on the contrary, restricts the central government - the "Establishment" Dick claims to oppose? I don't know. It doesn't matter. He probably does know that Mao has already murdered more than 30 million Chinese, but as Lenin once put it, you can't make an
omeletski without breaking eggs.
I ask Dick why the U.S. Internal Revenue Service has let radical Communist Jerry Rubin use a tax-free foundation to avoid income tax. Dick says Rubin is "using the system," and is a "media freak." He says "Movement" people are wary of its leaders. Could it be that leaders like William Kunstler are using people like Dick? Leaders like Kunstler are using me, he says. Suddenly, Dick's elderly New Psychology produces a
profound thought. Ralph Nader, the housewife's friend, is more revolutionary than Kunstler or Rubin, he says.
I ask Dick why the Nixon Administration he says should be tried for war crimes is sending military supplies to Russia and its European satellites, which in turn supply almost all the Vietcong's military equipment.
Dick does not answer. His face is blank.
Then there is the Committee to Aid Refugees from Militarism (C.A.R.M.), one of whose counsellors is Charlie McKee. In the kitchen of the Toronto commune where he and his wife live with five other couples, some of the residents are preparing a meal. A mild, bearded, young man, straight from Turgenev, is slicing potatoes. He puts them in a pot. It will be a communal casserole. Everyone is fully clothed.
"This is a pretty square commune," I say. "Where's the sex orgy?"
Everyone chuckles. "You're supposed to hate us," says a girl.
Mrs. McKee is twenty-one, pretty, and comes from Waldwick, New Jersey. She wants to get back to the land, she says. The residents of the commune are saving to buy a farm. "I want to live for me," she says, "and for the children I'm going to have." Let's hope she is able to do so. She does agree that the authoritarianism she dislikes in the States is possible in Canada, too.
Her husband, Charlie, also opposes authoritarianism. He believes that government is necessary but that it should be restricted. I ask him about a picture of Ho chi Minh on the corridor wall. He says he doesn't like it and once took it down, but someone put it ""C-- ¥ back up. Charlie gets excited when we say we oppose the Establishment and that the Establishment is using him to impose a dictatorship. That's exactly what Charlie believes. He makes a telephone call and sends us to another Toronto address, where we find a fiftyish lady named Judy Merril.
Mrs. Merril, who apparently is the Mother Bloor of C.A.R.M., explains that her Committee to Aid Refugees from Militarism is the result of a merger between the Toronto American Deserters' Committee, which gave draft, immigration, job and housing advice; and Red, White & Black, which emphasized public relations. The
C.A.R.M., for instance, publishes Carmmunique, the bi-monthly news of radical
APRIL, 1971 17
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activities in Toronto; Exnet, "maintaining contact among all Canadian aid programmes and between the Canadian scene and draft and military counsellors and the anti-war resistance in the States"; and, Out-post, which is "designed to serve a similar function for more American [deserters] and war-resisters all over the world — to send news of the U.S. resistance to Sweden, England, Japan, Vietnam and everywhere else that
members of the A.S.U., the C.R.V. and the growing ranks of deserters are scattered and to bring back news here .... "
The American Servicemen's Union and the Committee of Returned Volunteers are of course revolutionary organizations working to destroy our AImed Forces. C.A.R.M. does its "counselling" at a place on Huron Street called The Hall.
Mrs. Merril naturally wore a sweatshirt and dungarees, which produced a discreet, proletarian tone. She is a science-fiction writer, who came to Toronto from Milford, Pennsylvania, two years ago. In 1968, in Chicago for the Democrat Convention, she drove for the Medical Committee for Human Rights, a revolutionary outfit which was part of the Communist attack on the police. Indeed, she told me she "hoped to see a lot of cops shot." She assures us that "all the violence after the assassination of Martin Luther King was caused by the police." Dictatorship is a necessary prerequisite to a police state, she explains, and a total police state is the only thing that can happen in the States — no matter who gets elected. Since she is so opposed to repression, I ask what she thinks of the fact that the Canadian federal government financed the Poor People's Conference; and the possibility that Trudeau is just using it.
She smiles. "It's very hard to think of the government as your enemy," she says, "if the government gives you the money to say it." Pierre apparently sets Mrs. Merril all atingle. His intense masculinity leaves her no choice. The Johnson and Nixon Administrations have of course been financing Communist revolution for years, through such programs as the "war on poverty," but she doesn't explain why she thinks they are against her.
The only solution, she says, is the elimination of national sovereignty. She would convene a world constitutional convention to create a World Government. Would it be possible, I ask, for Americans to participate in such a government with the Communists in Russia? Certainly, she says. "There is as much freedom of speech in Russia as there is in the United States." There isn't any freedom of speech in Russia.
Mrs. Merril's daughter comes in with her boy friend, Alan Reed, of Logansport, Indiana. Mr. Reed deserted from the Medical Corps at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. He is very happy in Canada. And his parents have visited him five or six times.
In Carmmunique for December 14, 1970, we read of the impending visit to Toronto of Clergy and Laymen Concerned About Vietnam. The C.A.R.M. is very enthusiastic about Clergy and Laymen Concerned which, among other such things, is discussing arrangement of trials for "war crimes" of American Prisoners of War. In the same issue, we read of a dinner for "refugees," who will be entertained by revolutionary Dick Gregory and Communist Pete Seeger.
A Look At The "Life Style"
Then there is a place called Rochdale College, a hi-rise commune near the University of Toronto. Rochdale isn't really a college, but a "free university" like those in the States, working to revolutionize the U.T. area. At the American Consulate
18 AMERICAN OPINION
we are told about "Rochdale bombs" — beer bottles thrown from the windows during the frequent police raids. The building is loaded with drugs, we are told; there is human excrement in the halls and the inmates race motorcycles on the stairs. Needless to say, Rochdale is financed by Canada's federal government, with money taken from the pay of Canadian workers to do so.
At the entrance to the building, we get on line to be questioned. Someone explains that Rochdale has already been raided that day. We are duly questioned and admitted. And in an apartment on the eleventh floor, we find Steven M. Lowe, among several other residents. He is twenty, recently was "landed," and says he will become a Canadian citizen. Steve was born in Indianapolis, at 603 North Jefferson, "a dump." Steve's father
worked in a metal shop and invented something, but Steve does not remember what it was. Today his dad is doing very well, as an estimator in the construction game. But Steve never could understand his parents. They fought to rise, which to Steve makes no sense. Steve is satisfied with nothing.
When the time came, Steve Lowe was drafted, but for some reason other recruits began threatening to kill him, so after five weeks he deserted, leaving behind his beads and bells. He had decided to go back, at least to get his beads and bells - they clicked and tinkled so beautifully - but another deserter named Blue (Danny Stevens) talked him out of it. The F.B.I. later came in the front door and arrested Blue, but Steve went out the back door and got away.
In Brown County, Indiana, a man named Tom Canada had "bought a town," turned it into a commune and is trying to "bring the bison back." Near the town there is a cave in which Steve hid out, at the suggestion of someone known only as Sheepdog. Sheepdog later tipped him that the F.B.I. was on the way, so Steve left and began living in the woods. He lived in the streets in Indianapolis. He lived with Nancy and her two kids on Meridian. He took drugs and developed hepatitis.
Steve tried to get into Canada once and was refused. Marge, twenty-six, a go-go dancer, got him drunk and they went to the border, but Steve had no "I.D.," so Marge went back to her husband. All three are good friends. Someone named Lynn finally drove him to Toronto, on her way to see her boy friend. She and Steve entered Canada on September 26, 1970 -- his birthday. He found people "grooving" on pot in a cafeteria. "I was so happy. It was a dream come true."
Steve now sits on the springless, wooden bed, under a psychedelic poster, and explains that he is working in a record shop for $1.50 an hour. He is very friendly and somewhat manic. He gets up and announces he must see his chick next door. She wants to go to college, he explains, but she can't. She is suicidal and recently
"dropped" (took) 260 grams of Valium.
"Bring her back," I say.
"Can I?" he asks with delight.
And he goes out.
Also sitting on the bed is Dave Marco, who simply didn't report for his physical. Dave has a degree from a junior college, and is now paid $75 a month as a counsellor at The Hall. He gets up, goes to the refrigerator, and brings us some beer.
Then there is Nancy, from Philadelphia (not the same Nancy Steve once lived with), who says she recently had an abortion. Nancy is not wearing what you squares would
----------------------- Page 3-----------------------
call clothes. She is wrapped in what appears to be a large piece of felt, held together with a safety pin. She used to live at Rochdale, but contracted a condition which Dave calls "negative energy." Now she lives nearby and visits.
Steve comes back with Esther, his girl. "Wejust dropped Psylisibin," he announces with delight. (A druggist later told me that what Steve meant was this: Psylocybrin.)
"It breaks down socializing barriers," Dave explains. "Hard" drugs, such as heroin, "speed" (amphetamines), opium and MDA, are barred from Rochdale and are cause for eviction, he says. "Soft" drugs, such as marijuana, "hash" (hashish), mescaline and "clean" LSD, are permitted, but clean LSD is hard to find because eighty percent of the stuff sold has been cut with strychnine or speed.
Esther has never used Psylocybrin before and I ask her what she feels. She seems almost in a trance. "Nothing," she says.
Esther recently stayed at the Toronto Free Youth Clinic, a "freaks' hospital," Dave explains. The clinic provides legal advice and solves such problems as pregnancy. Esther was raised in Toronto and saw her parents a month ago. They are old-fashioned immigrants from Europe and "don't understand." Esther won't go to college. The effort is too great. She lives "day by day." She has no plans.
The fire bell rings and we hear running feet. The fire bell is the signal that Rochdale is being raided. But the warning turns out to be somebody's joke.
Also in the room is Eddie from Brooklyn, who has a good job in data processing. Ed is twenty-five and was born in Russia. His family emigrated to Poland, and then to Israel in 1957. His father was a Zionist who became disillusioned when he discovered that Zionism is a "dirty, Capitalist trick." So in 1959, he brought the family to the United States. Ed explains that his father is a Communist, and is thinking of returning to Communist Russia.
Ed went to the University of Buffalo, spent a year in the Army, and deserted. He doesn't "feel like killing," besides which he is a Socialist, he says, and "the other side will win." The Vietcong are leading "a popular revolution."
I ask about the F.L.Q., and Dave and Steve say they oppose it because it's violent. Ed says the F.L.Q. is "nuts." There's no need for it. Canada, he says, will accept Socialism without it, because of the country's English background. Trudeau is brilliant but has "misguided loyalties." He "should be more attached to the working class." He "overreacted" with the War Measures Act, which is one reason Canada is not so good
as it was twenty years ago.
Bruno, who came from Czecho-Slovakia not long ago, says it's certainly better in Canada than in his former country. Ed shakes his head. "It's basically better in Czecho-Slovakia," he says. "Capitalism is self-destructive," he explains.
The Russians steal from the Czechs, says Bruno, "and if you don't work, they put you in jail." But Ed doesn't buy it. "They take care of you," he says.
Sitting next to me is Lloyd McDougal, a seventh-generation Canadian with a wispy, Ho chi Minh beard. Lloyd excuses Trudeau, who "had to take action." Lloyd also says he once tried to get into the States to join the anti-draft forces, but the Americans at the border would not let him in. Maybe it's that wispy, Ho chi Minh beard.
We get up to go and Lloyd gets up too. He puts on a World War II, Canadian Navy, First Lieutenant's overcoat, with "peace" symbols sewn into the epaulets. As he does so, he says that among those arrested on May 9,1970, at the demonstration at the U.S.
20 AMERICAN OPINION
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Consulate, only one pleaded guilty and paid a $10 fine. He had been charged with burning refuse without a permit, and told the judge that since what he had burned was an American flag, he could honestly make no other plea.
Lloyd strokes his Ho chi Minh beard and chuckles. He is sure that we too are highly amused.
The Network In Ottawa
Then there's the truly sad story of Vernon Dann. Vern is twenty-two, and comes from Norwalk, Ohio, where his father has worked for Westinghouse for twenty-nine years. Vern studied engineering at Ohio State University for three months, and then for nine months at Tri-State College in Angola, Indiana, but decided he wasn't interested and quit. For a short time, he worked on a Ford assembly line in Lorain. In December, 1967, he enlisted in the Navy, to get his choice of duty (electronics), passed the tests, and went to boot camp at Great Lakes.
Later, Vern served on the U.S.S. Opportune, and on the U.S.S. Georgetown, a "spy ship" doing technical research. His record was perfect, but he got disillusioned, because "the Navy doesn't let you think for yourself." This is understandable, he says, in boot camp, where he had no problems, but later "you don't get any time to yourself." There was no privacy. He lived with more than a hundred other sailors in a big room. He didn't like the discipline. He didn't like the pay. He was away from home and Vern got depressed. Indeed, "The people around you are depressed for the same reasons." Once a cook on the Opportune tried to poison himself. A kid walked around crying. Most people are all right after a year and a half, says Vern, but he wasn't. After five months he began to think of deserting. He saw a psychiatrist.
Then one day in Norfolk, "a guy with long hair" came in and distributed material about the "anti-draft movement" in Canada, which included information about the Toronto Anti-Draft Programme. Vern read it, saw desertion was possible, and called T.A.D.P. a few days later. In June, 1969, he entered Canada through Detroit on a bus. The Toronto Anti-Draft people sent him to stay with two writers. Then T.A.D.P. drove him and four others to Ottawa, where Professor James Wilcox, of Carleton University, apparently took over. Vern stayed with a school vice principal named Gordon McClure.
He worked in the kitchen of a local A. & W. Root Beer stand. On January 28, 1970, he was "landed." Today he is part of the "management team" at McDonald's and likes it. If he keeps working hard he could become an assistant manager. Vern is ambitious. He wants to make money. He hasn't adopted the aboriginal "life style."
But Vernon Dann is still unhappy. He's homesick. At first he kept insisting he "would do it again," perhaps trying to believe it. But then he opened up. He wants to come home. He says he still thinks of himself as an American. He did what he did because he was emotionally disturbed. Vern naturally doesn't relish the possibility, but says he's now ready for the brig, if allowed to finish his hitch. He says he loves America. He says he's against our defeatist, no-win policy. He says we should win the war and get out. He says he would fight for the United States to win.
AMERICAN OPINION has talked with the Navy about Vern, but so far we're still being run around. Does the Navy want this man back - or doesn't it? His address is Box 577, Hazeldean, Ontario.
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Professor James Wilcox ran Assistance with Immigration and the Draft until recently. It was to him that T.A.D.P. sent Vern. He is a former American from Detroit. In the living room of his comfortable home in Ottawa, he relates that his wife, Joan, told him that if he were drafted she would "invest in North Vietnamese savings bonds." The memory is pleasant and Wilcox chuckles. "She wanted to invest in a winner," he explains.
Joan Wilcox chuckles too. Between them there is an almost tangible rapport. She is sitting on the couch in regulation dungarees and sweat shirt, exuding a discreet, proletarian tone. Her voice is explosive, her movements abrupt. Joan Wilcox is boiling with righteousness. I ask her husband what he tells his clients, and her sweat shirt heaves. Her voice booms out, My phraseology smacks of paternalism, which she hates.
Properly chastened, I rearrange it.
Most of the arrivals have no political motivation, says Wilcox, The American Deserters' Committee in Montreal forced them to listen to politicizing. He explains that the American military system is only "a symptom of the economic system which exploits them even more."
Wilcox became involved in February, 1968, and lobbied in Parliament to change government policy. But Bill Spira, of T.A.D.P., is "Mr. Deserter." It was Spira who established the machinery, atmosphere, and procedures for deserters. Unfortunately, says Wilcox, his organization is "screwed up now." So many thousands of Americans are arriving that T.A.D.P. has been telling them to go home and continue the fight in
the United States. There are 75 to 100 of them at Carleton University. In the American Northwest, says Wilcox, "there are retired American military men who are part of the underground railway." In Detroit, American officials check buses leaving for Windsor. The A.I.D. has been getting thirty customers a week, and Wilcox believes there are more than 50,000 in Canada. But the Wilcoxes are still dissatisfied with Canadian policy. Immigration authorities, they say, should classify Americans as refugees. The government should give them housing and welfare until they're settled, Joan adds.
There must also be changes in America, says Wilcox. Much more should be spent fighting pollution. Money should be taken from the war and put into the ghettos -- and soon. The Russians would be happy to react to an American peace initiative, such as an immediate pullout from Vietnam, or an end of arms sales to Israel. Would America have anything to fear? No. The Russians can be trusted, And someone must take the first step. America must change its "arrogant idea that the U.S. has cures for all social and political ills."
I ask whether this means we should disregard the scheme concocted by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace -- headed by Soviet spy Alger Hiss and then by his good friend Joseph E. Johnson -- to invade South Africa and overthrow its government. Both the Wilcoxes get very nervous. They've never heard of such a thing. They don't believe it. Will somebody please send them a copy of Apartheid And United Nations Collective Measures, at 78 Riverdale in Ottawa?
As for the future, Canada will get more nationalistic, "because a small band of Canadians are sacrificing themselves to show that Canada is a branch plant of the United States." The level of repression in the States will become part of Canada, he says, and will be imposed more easily because Canadians are less easily aroused.
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Di Vincenti has finished eleven grades -- he tells me that he ''wants to open a school.
And so we say goodbye to sparkling Ottawa. In amex (American expatriate) for October/November, 1970, we read as follows: " ... It's a funny experience to undergo but Ottawa is so deep into Canadian territory that one is free of U.S. radio and television and all but the occasional New York license plate on a Buick -- full of small-time Fascists oohing and ahing at the many tourist attractions ...." In the same issue, we read that the Montreal American Deserters' Committee now underground, sent representatives to the "American Revolutionary People's Constitutional Convention," run by the Communist Black Panther Party last September in Philadelphia. And we read that Spiro Agnew's nephew is dodging the draft in Vancouver: that Stewart Udall's son has deserted to Banff; and that the former Secretary of the Interior under J.F.K. and L.B.J. approves.
The question arises: Who pays for all this? Who pays the salaries and operating expenses of such outfits as C.A.R.M., T.A.D.P., and A.I.D.] .-" And the answer of course is: You do. You do if you support a church affiliated with The National Council of Churches. At this late stage of the game, it shouldn't surprise you to learn that a part of the money put on the collection plate in such a church on Sunday morning is sent to the small band of sleazy con men with their collars on backwards who control the N.C.C.; then to their counterparts in Geneva who control the World Council of Churches; then to their counterparts in Canada who control the Canadian Council of Churches -- who then use it to finance the organized attempt you have just read about to destroy the United States Army.
As we have seen, the participants in the scheme are of different types. Some, like Wilcox, we are better off without, a happy fact tainted by the knowledge that our Canadian cousins are now burdened with them. They were not loyal to America. They are not loyal to Canada. They are using their opposition to "militarism" to lend respectability to their desire for totalitarian dictatorship. But others, like Vernon Dann, are victims, caught between our defeatist policy deliberately designed to depress them -- as the First World War was used to demoralize Russia -- and the blandishments of "resistance" outfits financed by the National Council of Churches. As usual, the "resistance," and the thing it is "resisting," are controlled by the same people -- the
leaders of the N.C.C. and of our federal government, after all, are the same people -- collaborating to instigate and finance this scheme to destroy us. Indeed, the "life style" they encourage, unknown to its practitioners, is also part of the plot. The communalized mentality which cannot stand apart from the group, ego and ambition blown by pot -- willing to settle for so little -- is exactly what the dictators want for the dictatorship they are imposing. Trudeau and his fellow conspirators are encouraging the sort of immigration they want.
Early last year, Trudeau told a Mennonite delegation in Winnipeg that he welcomes U.S. draft resisters, because many have "a religious motivation concerned with love and brotherhood." Indeed, he said: "Your motivation is like mine. It stems from a belief in a transcendent God. The young radicals are looking for the same thing, too, whatever existentialist and nihilist elements there may be in their thinkings."
On December 24, 1970 -- Christmas Eve -- the Reverend Joshua Dube, an African who is studying in Philadelphia, tried to enter Canada with his family to visit friends in Hamilton, Ontario.
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The Reverend Dube was denied admission. He is from anti-Communist Rhodesia. He was told that no Rhodesian can enter Canada. Indeed, defecting Polish seamen and visiting Biafran students have been treated like criminals and threatened with deportation.
La Piece de Resistance
On October 5, 1970, as you will recall, a cell of the Front de Liberation du Québec kidnapped senior British trade commissioner James Richard Cross from his home in Montreal. Five days later, another F.L.Q. cell kidnapped Quebec's Minister of Labor, Pierre Laporte.
The F.L.Q. is of course a Communist terror organization, like the F.L.N. in Algeria and the Vietcong in South Vietnam. It was founded in 1963 by Georges Schoeters, then thirty-three, a Belgian trained in Cuba by Fidel Castro. A former Montreal police intelligence official tells me that Marc Carbonneau, for instance, one of the kidnappers flown to Cuba in December in exchange for Cross's release, has been a member of the Communist Party for ten years. At last word, the kidnappers are now in Communist Algeria, which has been helping and financing the Communist F.L.Q. for years. The F.L.Q. has also been trained in Jordan, by the Communist terror gang called Al Fatah. F.L.Q. leaders have applauded the Communist Black Panthers. And Communist terrorist Stokely Carmichael once sent a telegram of sympathy to "our brothers in the F.L.Q." His "brothers" have murdered several people in many bombings over the years. In an F.L.Q. document entitled Revolutionary Strategy And The Role Of The Avant-Garde, the revolutionaries say as follows: "Here in Quebec the fight for the overthrow of Capitalism is inseparably linked to the fight for national independence. Neither will go anywhere without the other .... "
So the leaders of the F.L.Q. are Communists.
And Pierre-Elliott Trudeau, the Prime Minister, is a Communist.
What do Communists want?
They want a "dictatorship of the proletariat" -- total power. They say so.
Before dawn on October 16, 1970, Communist Pierre Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act, suspended the Canadian Bill of Rights, and imposed a dictatorship on Canada. Trudeau now had the power of censorship, for instance, and could search without warrant and arrest without trial. His fellow Communists in the F.L.Q. had given him the excuse.
In 1967, as Justice Minister, Trudeau could have suppressed the Communists, when confronted with the fact that they were training in the Laurentians. He did nothing. In 1970, he could have suppressed the Communists by using laws designed for the purpose. In Canada, as in the United States, kidnapping, murder, and sedition are unlawful. Instead, he used a law which imposed dictatorship even in British Columbia, thousands of miles from the F.L.Q. problem. Canadians in general suffered more from his "solution" than they did from the problem.
Indeed, the possibility that Communist Pierre-Elliott Trudeau colluded with the Communist F.L.Q. in the matter must be seriously considered. Charles Gagnon, one of the revolutionaries now on trial, was still another frequent contributor to Trudeau's Cité Libre. Indeed, before he entered politics, Trudeau turned Cité Libre over to Pierre Vallières, another of the F.L.Q. leaders now on trial, who also had been a frequent contributor to the magazine. In some direct or indirect way did they concoct a Canadian version of Hitler's Reichstag fire?
You will remember that Trudeau's defense of federalism is based not on genuine Canadian patriotism, but on his idol Mao Tse-tung's idea of imposing Communism in a province, from which it then can spread. In June, 1970, socialized medicine came to Quebec, in the form of Provincial Bill #8. Doctors in Quebec now cannot bill their patients. They are paid directly by the Province -- and as much as thirty-five percent less than they were earning before. Indeed, says D.A. Geekie, Director of Communications of the Canadian Medical Association, some doctors "haven't been paid for two-and-a-half months." And, incredibly, while they are now completely under Provincial control, their patients pay more -- to the government. The doctors in Quebec are now "piece work civil servants", says Geekie. Bill #8 also spoke of transferring licensing and discipline from the Medical Associations to the government. And on September third, the Castonguay Commission, headed by C. Castonguay, now Quebec Minister of Health, advocated government salaries for doctors instead of patients' fees.
On October eighth, three days after Cross's kidnapping and two days before Laporte's, thousands of Quebec specialists simply stopped working. Some received threatening telephone calls. Many made plans to leave. By October thirteenth, Laporte had been kidnapped, and on that day the Federation of Medical Specialists of Quebec offered to call its members back to work if the government would only agree to negotiate the matters of dispute after the F.L.Q. crisis was over. The government refused, demanding unconditional surrender. But the doctors would not yield. They continued to provide emergency service in the face of F.L.Q. threats. And on October fifteenth, the C.M.A. announced support for its Provincial affiliate.
Later that same day, Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa forced Bill #41 through the National Assembly (Provincial legislature). Bill #41 ordered the specialists back to work immediately, threatening fines of $200 to $500 per day and one-month jail sentences. The law applied to every specialist who had held a license to practise in Quebec during the previous three months - even though he might already have moved permanently to another province or country. And any syndicate or Association officer, official, or employee who denounced the Bill was to be fined $5,000 to $50,000 per day and jailed for as long as a year. In other words, the doctors were now enslaved and denied even their freedom of speech.
Early the next morning, as you will recall, Communist Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act. And two days later, under its pressure, worried about their patients under crisis and their families under threat, the specialists decided to return to work.
Could that have been the real result Communist Trudeau was trying to achieve? Did he really invoke the War Measures Act not to suppress his fellow Communists -- which he hadn't done before and hasn't done since -- but to use his idol Mao's scheme "to plant Socialist government in certain provinces, from which the seed of radicalism can slowly spread?"
I asked Mr. Geekie whether he thought it would spread. He shrugged. His lips pursed. "I hope not," he said.
It is interesting to note that, during the crisis, Communist Trudeau announced his government would establish full diplomatic relations with Communist China. And, as I
write, Mao's agents are setting up their Embassy in Ottawa. Like the Russian Embassy, it will be used as a center of subversion.
What Happens Now?
Canada is now on the verge of becoming a Cornmunistcounuy; and when you read this Canada will be where Cuba was in April, 1959, soon after Castro took over. Like Castro, Tmdeau wiII continue to deny he is a Communist until he seizes total power. If the Canadian people let him do that, he will then announce, like Castro, that he has been a Communist from the beginning.
Recently, he shouted from his limousine to some unemployed Quebec workers in Ottawa to protest: "Mangez de la merde!" This advice translates into the Queen's English as "Eat s**t!" -- somewhat inappropriate phraseology from a "champion of the laboring masses." Marie Antoinette is at least reported to have told them to eat cake. On another recent occasion, he used an obscene gesture on the floor of Parliament -- at the same time mouthing the words, "F*** off!"
And the same terror that exists in Saigon can now be found in Montreal. In a restaurant, a woman cautions me to whisper as we discuss the F.L.Q. And there is the usual manufactured anti-Americanism. At the Seaway Motor Inn -- a good place for Americans to avoid -- we have guaranteed reservations we must pay for if we don't show. We do show but there is no room. Our credit cards are good and then they are
no good. As in Cuba, there is a Canadian version of "Cuba si, Yankee no." An attempt is being made to reduce and eliminate American investment. "Canada for the Canadians," the people are being told. The stage is being set for the usual nationalizations.
Indeed, the first refugees -- the doctors -- are already arriving in the United States from Canada. Unlike the Cubans, they can walk all the way. If Trudeau and his fellow Communists are successful, the United States will be faced not only with a Communist country ninetby miles away -- but also by one with whom we share a common, 4,000-mile border. Our best friend would be turned into our greatest danger. And America would be caught in the pincers the Communists have planned.
Presumably, Richard Nixon has a policy ready. When Trudeau demands Louisiana, we will only give him half.
Demagogues throughout history have used mobs on the bottom, in the streets, in the open, to justify the imposition of a dictatorship at the top. Indeed, that is the meaning of the word, demagoguery. Hitler did it, by fomenting riots and then offering a "solution." Communists like Trudeau do it.
And the demagogic conspirators who control our government are doing it too. Like Trudeau, they are financing revolution against themselves, to justify a dictatorship as the "solution." Indeed, just as in Canada, they are beginning to demand that our doctors be nationalized, by means of various proposals for "health care." And on October 30,1969, the Federal Register published Richard Nixon's Executive Order 11490, which consolidates the powers described in nineteen earlier Executive Orders issued by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson; powers which the President may use if he declares a state of "national emergency" -- a term which Mr. Nixon's Order does not define. America, in short, has its own War Measures Act. And America has its own Trudeau. Americans and Canadians must cooperate immediately to stop them.
28 AMERICAN OPINION